Słowo Kluczowe: dzieci

September 15, 2022

Avulsion fractures of the pelvis in the pediatric population. A review of the literature and case report

Avulsion fractures of the pelvis usually occur in young athletes and are the most common type of avulsion fractures in the pediatric population. The most frequent fractures of this group are fractures of the anterior superior and anterior inferior iliac spine and fractures of the ischial tuberosity. The diagnosis of this type of fracture requires awareness, because their symptoms may […]
July 8, 2022

Supracondylar humerus fractures in children – a retrospective study

Introduction. Supracondylar fracture of the humerus is the most common type of distal humeral fracture in children. Either operative or non-operative treatment depends on Gartland’s classification and neurovascular damage. There is still room for discussion on which Kirschner pin’s configuration should be chosen – crossed pinning or lateral pinning. Aim. Our study aimed to compare clinical results of treating supracondylar […]
June 21, 2022

Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head in the course of haemophilia; a different clinical and radiological course compared to typical Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (twenty years of follow-up) – case report

The authors analyse the course of aseptic necrosis of the femoral head in a 7-year-old boy with haemophilia A (factor VIII level – 0%) caused by massive haemarthrosis into the hip joint (joint tamponade). The patient’s clinical and radiological symptoms differed from those in classic LCP disease, and now, after 20 years, the consequences of necrosis do not confirm typical Perthes disease […]
June 21, 2022

Oxygen saturation measurement in dislocated supracondylar fractures in children

The goal of his study was to show that oxygen saturation measurement in the distal part of injured upper extremity is one of the best method to assess post-traumatic blood flow disturbances and the necessity for exploration of brachial artery in supracondylar fractures. 32 children, age 4-16, with Gartland’s displaced extension type III injuries and distal disruption of blood flow were treated […]
June 21, 2022

Types and treatment of distal humerus fractures in children

Introduction. The distal region of the humerus is the most common location of injuries – taking into account the entire humerus of the child. Errors made during their diagnosis and treatment are associated with the occurrence of complications. When analyzing and interpreting x-ray images, one should not forget about the presence of numerous ossification points of this region and the associated temporal […]
June 21, 2022

Treatment of fractures for lateral part of humeral condyle in children – a single-center experience

Introduction. Elbow fractures are among the most common injuries of the locomotor system in children, second only to forearm fractures. Diagnostic and treatment errors often lead to complications. The presence of ossification centres must be taken into consideration when analysing and interpreting x-ray images. The many classifications do not reflect the whole picture of the injury in question, which is characterised by […]
June 21, 2022

Developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborns – a still relevant problem

Developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants covers a wide range of different clinical severity, from complete dislocation, through subluxation to dysplasia, often of mild degree, which disappears on its own. The consequences of undiagnosed dysplasia may affect the motor skills of a child and an adult. A complete cure of the defect using simple nursing methods is possible only in infancy. […]
June 21, 2022

Arthroereisis in flexible flatfoot in youths

Flexible flatfoot is a common defect in children and adults. Up to about the age of 10, the longitudinal arch of the foot can be spontaneously reproduced and does not require treatment. After the age of 10 with the co-occurrence of pain, arthroereisis can be performed, i.e. limiting the excessive pronation by an implant located in the tarsal sinus region. This treatment […]
June 21, 2022

The first manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in orthopaedic practise

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an arthritis in at least one joint lasting more than 6 weeks with onset before the 16th birthday, in case other known conditions are excluded. It is a heterogeneous disease with different onset symptoms: arthralgia, arthritis, enthesitis, fever, heel pain, back pain or other. Due to this conditions children with JIA are often first referred for orthopaedic […]
June 21, 2022

An analysis of the longitudinal arch of the foot in children by measurements under static and dynamic conditions

Introduction. The human foot is an essential static and dynamic element of the biomechanical chain of the lower extremity. On the one hand, it provides support, on the other hand, it is a driving mechanism facilitating locomotion. While there are many different methods for evaluating the arches of the foot, a unified examination strategy is still lacking. Aim. The aim of the […]
June 21, 2022

Morphology of the brachial artery injuries in Gartland’s type III supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children

Supracondylar fractures of the humerus are the most common elbow fractures amongst children. Severe displacement in the cubital fossa can cause soft tissue injuries, in the case of Gartland’s classifi cation type III. Supracondylar fractures are high in energy and can cause injuries to the brachial artery. Injuries to the cubital fossa can disrupt blood fl ow in the distal part of […]
June 21, 2022

Difficulties in diagnosis and treatment of infl ammatory changes within the motor system caused by foreign bodies – report of three cases

Foreign bodies in soft tissues are often the cause of infl ammation and health problems. The importance of proper anamnesis is emphasised thoroughly in this case study and throughout many others. Foreign objects show a varying degree of radio-sensitivity and density, which also depends on the size and depth of the body. depending on these features and what would be most comfortable […]
June 21, 2022

Surgery technique of an anatomical MPFL reconstruction using allograft in children with recurrent patellar dislocation

Purpose: The objective of the study was to demonstrate the surgical technique of medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction with a cadaver’s allograft in children. Methods: 15 children in age 12 to 15 years with recurrent patellar dislocation underwent MPFL reconstruction. Surgery was performed using cadavers’ allograft. The mean age of the patients was 13.1 years and the mean follow-up was 14 months. All […]
June 21, 2022

Knee arthroscopy in children and adolescents

With the dynamic growth of sports culture comes an increased percentage of children participating in sport activities and exposed to a signifi cant risk of injury. Simultaneously, the progress made in arthroscopic techniques has led to the development of a new fi eld in medicine, i.e. paediatric sports medicine. Nevertheless, arthroscopic procedures in children give rise to much controversy among health professionals […]