Open Access Policy

All articles presented on the Chirurgia Narządów Ruchu i Ortopedia Polska website are Open Access, meaning they are freely accessible online without charge to anyone, anywhere. Authors publish under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-NoDerivs 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), enabling anyone to access and redistribute the content and, depending upon the license, re-use the content in new or derivative works with attribution. The specific licence terms of use are available on